The department of Pathology started functioning with various activities including investigative services, teaching and training of Undergraduates and postgraduates. Since then the department has progressed rapidly in terms of expansion in services, recruitment of capable faculty members, paramedical & supportive staff as well as installation of sophisticated and modern equipments.
The department has started a graduate research laboratory. In addition, range of various immunohistochemical stains which have been added now help in further making a more specific diagnosis. For better services a fully Automated Tissue Processor, a semi-automated microtome and a Cryostat have been added.
|Dr. Erli Amel Ivan||Profeesor & Head|
|Dr. N. Gandhi||Professor|
|Dr. S. Srivani||Associate professor|
|Dr. M. Vimal||Associate professor|
|Dr. G. Ramya||Associate professor|
|Dr. V. Sriram||Assistant professor|
|Dr. S. Kalaivani@selvi||Assistant professor|
|Dr. C. Jayanthi||Assistant professor|
|Dr. V. Uma||Assistant professor|
|Dr. Ekta Pandey||Tutor|
|Dr. J. Nivethiyasree||Tutor|
|Dr. R. Hemavathy||Tutor|
Departmental library is having more than 200 recent edition books on various sub-specialties. In central library having more than 700 books in pathology sections with 1100 e-journals.
Museum: The department has one of the best organized museum using ICD coding. The museum has about 400 mounted specimens. Another unique feature includes display of educational materials such as numerous line drawings of specimens, charts of pathogenesis, similes of common terms used in pathology and a gallery full of portraits of famous pathologists with their major contribution tracing the history of Pathology.
The pathology department caters laboratory services to the patients of the Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital as well as outside patients. The laboratory services are given under the following categories.
- Clinical pathology & Haematology laboratory – in the Hospital.
- Cytology laboratory – in the Hospital.
- Blood Bank – in the Hospital.
- Histopathology – in the College.
- Immunohistochemistry – in the College.
Clinical pathology & Haematology laboratory
Clinical Pathology Laboratory of the department is located in the hospital close to the OPDs for patient’s convenience. It offers routine diagnostic services to the patients like
- Fluid cytology reporting
- Urine analysis including microscopy of deposits
- Semen analysis
- Routine hematology techniques
- Screening for hemoparasites
- Peripheral smear reporting
- Special stains
- Coagulation studies
- Bone marrow aspiration
- Work up for Nutritional and hemolytic anemias
- Lymphoma /Leukemia work up
Routine Clinical pathology
- Urine strips reagent and microscopy are used routine urine tests.
- Fluid analysis.
- Urine urobilinogen, phorphobilinogen, Hb, Myoglobin, Chyluria
- Semen analysis & Fructose.
Routine hematology- Complete Haemogram which includes
- Complete Blood Count (CBC) by *Horiba DX Nexus & DF 120 automated Blood cell counter of 26 parameters two in numbers
- Blood smear study, Malarial antigen, Reticulocyte count.
- Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)
- Bone marrow studies
- Coagulation work up with Bleeding time, Clotting time, Prothrombin time, Activated partial thromboplastin time and D-Dimer test for FDP.
- Hemolytic work up with Osmotic fragility test, Sickling test. Coombs test and Hams test.
- Leukemia work up which includes cytochemical stains like PAS, Sudan black with basic immunohistochemical markers for T& B cells like CD 3, CD 20 & CD 45.
Blood Bank works round the clock to serve the patients during emergency and elective therapeutic procedures. Apart from the routine Blood donation, cross matching and Coomb’s test, Blood Grouping camps in other institutes & companies are also conducted. The Blood Bank maintains a voluntary Blood donor database to help the patients. Recently the Blood bank has been upgraded for component separation. RBC concentrate, platelet concentrate and fresh frozen plasma are issued to the patients, depending on the indications.
- Routine procedures -screening of donors, phlebotomy
- Cross matching
- Component separation techniques
Histopathology laboratory receives specimens from the operation theatres in the hospital. After grossing, processing is done by Leica automated Electronic tissue processor and sectioning in semi automated microtome. Apart from the routine Hematoxylin and Eosin staining, special stains for fungus, bacteria, TB, Lepra bacilli, iron, melanin, and mucin are regularly used. Cryostat sections are available for the frozen reports.
Post graduates will be performing the day to day work in the department with the guidance of faculty, like:
- Grossing of surgical pathology specimens
- Daily screening of Histopathology slides.
- Routine staining procedures
- Special stains
- Immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence
- Histopathological techniques
- Museum techniques
- Record maintenance
Immunohistochemistry lab is functioning with epithelial markers (cytokeratin, EMA), Thyroid markers (CK19 & HBME-1), soft tissue markers ( Desmin, Vimentin ,SMA, S 100, NSE, Melan A), Lymphoid markers ( CD 3, CD 20, CD 15, CD 30, CD 45) and hormone receptors ( ER,PR Her2).
- Routine autopsy techniques
- Legal implication like getting consent
- Autopsy reporting
The departmental cytology laboratory is situated in the hospital in the other OPDs for patients’ convenience.
- Routine FNACs from breast, thyroid, Lymph node etc. by aspiration as well as non-aspiration techniques.
- Guided FNACs are done mainly by USG guidance on request from the clinicians. Few CT guided are also being done.
- Fluid cytology like ascitic fluid, synovial fluid,CSF, etc using cytospin.
- Routine Pap smear screening is done for cervical cytology.
- FNAC procedures
- CT/USG guided FNAC
Teaching & Training undergraduates.
Teaching of undergraduate students is done by modern methods by use of audio-visual aids, projection slides, seminars and group discussions. Separate practical classes for morbid anatomy and clinical pathology are conducted in different lab with individual microscopes and demonstration. Monthly internal assessment, practical examinations, OSPE and viva are conducted regularly for assessing.
Academic Activities/Faculties for Under Graduates
(III, IV & V semesters) – Duration 1 ½ years
Lecture classes – are of 1 hour duration each
Didactic lectures are taken with usage of power point presentation and necessary illustrations.
Practicals– 2 hours duration in a week for each batch
They are conducted using various modalities
- Small group discussion under each faculty
- Slide/gross specimen demonstration
- Group discussion/clinicopathological case discussion
- Record work
|3rd||Monday & Thursday Saturday||9.30am – 10.30am (Theory) 8.30-9.30 am(Theory)|
|Thursday & Friday||2.30 pm – 4.30 pm (Practical)|
|4th||Monday Wednesday||8.30-9.30 am & 2.30 pm – 3.30 pm (Theory) 9.30am – 10.30am (Theory)|
|Thursday & Friday||2.30 pm – 4.30 pm (Practical)|
|5th||Monday Thursday Saturday||2.30 pm – 3.30 pm (Theory) 9.30am – 10.30am (Theory) 3.30pm-4.30pm(Theory)|
|Tuesday & Wednesday||2.30 pm – 4.30 pm (Practical)|
Seminars– 2 hours per month on ongoing topics
Quiz/ symposium/OSPE– Once in 6 months for each semester.
Clinical pathology postings– Aimed at hands on teaching of routine hematological techniques, Blood Bank procedures, Urine analysis, sputum and body fluid analysis. Short topic presentation and evaluation with end posting practical test are carried out.
Academic evaluation – Monthly internal Assessment test with practical and viva; term test at the end of each semester; model theory and practical exam with viva before the University exams.
Research activities – ICMR Short term projects (copy attached)
Lecture halls – 200 seating capacity. Air conditioned with LCD, OHP facilities with continuous internet connection.
Practical hall – there are 2 fully equipped practical halls – one for surgical pathology slides and specimen demonstration and the other for clinical pathology and hematology exercises. Students are provided with individual monocular microscopes – 65 in morbid anatomy practical hall and 40 in clinical pathology students’ practical hall.
Demonstration rooms – 2 in number one with LCD, OHP Facilities. Other one equipped with CCTV attached Trinocular microscopes for slide demonstration.
Post Graduate Training
Teaching & Training of Postgraduates.
There are 6 MCI recognized postgraduates available per anum. Postgraduates training include in histopathology, cytology, clinical pathology, haematology, Immunohistochemistry, cryostats, microphotography, transfusion medicine and autopsy. Research papers, case presentation, dissertation and short time projects are mandatory in their training period. They are very well trained in clinicopathological case presentation, seminars, journal clubs and technique discussions in the department.
Weekly Schedule for Post Graduates
|I week||Teaching discussion/ WHO slides||Slide seminar||Short topics/Seminar||Gross discussion||Journal club|
|II week||Teaching discussion/ WHO slides||Slide seminar||Short topics/Seminar||Gross discussion||Journal club|
|III week||Teaching discussion/ WHO slides||Slide seminar||Short topics/Seminar||Gross discussion||Journal club|
|IV week||Teaching discussion/ WHO slides||Slide seminar||Short topics/Seminar||Gross discussion||Journal club|
- 1 month orientation to different sections in Pathology postings
- 3 months rotational postings in Histopathology and Cytology, Clinical Pathology & Blood bank sections
- Log book is maintained to record individual PG activity and periodically evaluated.
- Interdepartmental Meeting – Case Discussions
- Clinicopathological meetings are conducted with the departments of Medicine, Surgery, Obstetrics & Gynecology, Dermatology and Orthopedics
Departmental research activities include Dissertation of postgraduate students, paper presentations- oral, poster and publications in various journals and participation in scientific committee meetings
- Ongoing hospital scientific committee meeting is conducted on last Friday of every month
- Recent advances in Pathology
- Clinicopathological case presentations.
Conducted once in 2 to 3 months involving all the medical colleges in Pondicherry.
CPC Meet :
|Sl. No||Date of CPC||Department of CPC||Presented By|
|2||25.02.2016||General Medicine||Dr. Saisriram Rao|
|5||03.06. 2016||General Medicine||Dr.K.L.Mishra|
|6||11.07. 2016||Orthopaedics||Dr.Sarita Singh|
|14||23.09.2016||Pulmonary Medicine||Dr.Shraddha Karn|
|17||11.10.2016||General Surgery||Dr.Sarita , Dr.Priya|
|19||21.11.2016||General Medicine||Dr.Neetu Dr.Ketav|
|26||27.03.2017||General Medicine Paediatrics||Dr.Neha Dr.Ekta|
|30||24.07.2017||Dermatology||Dr.Anjali Dr.Yogita Dr.Srikanth Dr.Neha Dr.SowmyaDevi|
|40||26.06.2018||Dermatology||Dr.Hemavathy Dr.Revathi Dr.Pooja|
|44||16.10.2018||Dermatology||Dr.Revathi , Dr.Hemavathy|
- Lecture classes for BSc nursing
- Practical classes for 2nd MBBS
- G,Sowmya.S.A morphological study of cutanepous adnexal tumors.National Journal of laboratory medicine.2016 5(4): 8-11.
- Vimal M, Sowmya S, Nishanthi A, Ramya G. Evaluation of blood donor deferral causes: a retrospective study from South India. Annals of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine. 2016 Dec 20;3(6):A605-611.
- Vimal M, Parveen S. Clinicopathological profile of spectrum of thrombocytopenic cases–a cross sectional study. Tropical Journal of Pathology and Microbiology. 2016 Dec 30;2(03).
- Ramya G, Vimal M. Distribution of ABO and RH Blood Grouping in Rural Community of South India: A Population Based Study. Indian Journal of Pathology: Research and Practice. 2016: 5(3):325-8.
- Ramya G, Vimal M. Analytical Study of Morphological Patterns of Anemia and Associated Illnesses in Females. International Journal of Research and Review. 2016; 3(5):54-57.
- Ramya G, Nitya S, Vimal M, Rajeshwari. Study of prevalence and morphological patterns of anaemia in adult and geriatric population: a hospital-based study. Journal of evolution of medical and dental sciences. 2016;5(69):5041-5044.
- Vimal M, Sowmya S, Ramya G. Transfusion Transmissible Diseases – Is There a Decreasing Trend in Recent Years? National Journal of Laboratory Medicine. 2017; 6(1):07-11.
- Parveen S., Vimal M. Role of platelet indices in differentiating hypoproductive and hyperdestructive thrombocytopenia. Annals of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Vol. 4, Issue 3 May 2017.
- Vimal M, Chacko MP, Basu G, Daniel D. Correlation of pretransplant donor-specific antibody assay using Luminexcrossmatch with graft outcome in renal transplant patients.Indian J Nephrol. 2017 Sep-Oct; 27(5): 347–352.
- Vimal M, Nishanthi A. Food eponyms in Pathology. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2017 Aug, Vol-11(8):1-6.
- Kannan B, Ivan EA. Prevalence of anemia among female medical students and its correlation with menstrual abnormalities and nutritional habits. Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2017;6:2241-5.
- Shraddha karn, Umadevi T B, Erli Amel Ivan, Ramya G. Cytomorphological analysis of synovial fluid in a tertiary care hospital.JMSCR 14M Publication.
- Sowmya Devi A , Umadevi T B, Erli Amel Ivan, Ramya G. Study of haematological parameters in patients with Diabetic retinopathy. International journal of recent trends in science and technology- IJRTSAT.
- Sarita Singh, Umadevi T B, Erli Amel Ivan,Sriram V. Study of Fine needle aspiration cytology of thyroid lesions.JMSCR IGM publication.
- Ekta pandey , Kalaivani S .A rare case report of pure squamous cell carcinoma of urinary bladder Journal of medical sciences and clinical research-2018:06; 975-977.
- Kalaivani S .Role of Immunohistochemistry in acute leukemia with mycloneosis, Indian journal of Heamatology and blood transfusion. 2018: 34; 643-647.
- Ramya G ,Sriram V . “Histopathological evaluation of tumors and cyst of the epidermis and dermal adnexae in a tertiary care hospital” Annals of pathology and laboratory medicine;Volume5, Issue05, May 2018, Page533-539.
- Sriram V ,Ramya G ,. “Critical evaluation of haematological parameters before and after transfusion of packed red cells” Indian journal of pathology; Research and practice;Volume 07, Issue 04, April 2018 page;555-561.
- Ramya G,Nitya S, Ilampariti . Knowledge, attitude and awareness of cervical screening and HPV vaccination among MBBS students in a tertiary care hospital Puducherry. Annals of pathology and laboratory medicine; Volume 05, Issue 05, May 2018 page;515-520.
- Nivethiyasree J ,Ramya G ,Erli Amel Ivan .“Histomorphological evaluation of lichen planus in a rural population “ A retrorespective hospital based study”; Indain journal of pathology; Research and practice; Volume 7, Issue 8, August 2018, Pages 935-943
- Siva K ,Ramya G . “A study to determine the diagnostic accuracy of endometrial aspiration cytology with Histopathological correlation at rural tertiary health care hospital” Annals of pathology and laboratory medicine; Volume 08, Issue 11, November 2018 page;916-922.
Academic achievements of Undergraduates:
|Batch||Pass Percentage||Distinctions||University Ranks|
Academic achievements of Postgraduates:
|Name of the Post graduate||Batch||University exam medal|
|Dr.Ronald R. Bosco||2015||1st rank|
|Dr. Mutharasu||2016||2nd rank|
|Dr.Ketav Rohit Desai||2017||1st rank|
|Dr. Sowmya Devi.A||2018||1st rank|
|Sl. No||Date of Event||Event||Guest|
|1||11.05.2016||UG Quiz on endocrinology|
|2||14.07.2016||Guest Lecture on renal pathology||Dr.Anila Mathew,Dr.Ravikumar|
|3||26.08.2016||CME on Non-neoplastic bone lessions||Dr.Aravinthan Kalamegam Dr.PrathibaDr.Arulkumaran, Dr.Gowrishankar|
|4||10.09.2016||Ethics in research – Plagirisms||Dr.LourduJaffrin|
|5||07.10.2016||Acquired valvular heart disease||Dr.Ramshankar|
|6||October -2016||Blood Donation Month|
|7||26.11.16||Law and Pathology||Dr.KusaKumar Saha|
|8||August 2017||CME On Bone Pathology||Dr.Prathiba, Dr.Girija|
|9||October -2018||Blood Donation Month||Dr. Kulkarni|
|10||17.11.18||CME on Update on urogenital pathology||Dr.Vijay Shankar Dr.Chatura.K.R Dr.Shameem Shariff Dr.Bhawana Ashok Badhe Dr.Nelliah Siddaraju|